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Subject Urban farm : Research

General information on what can be grown throughout the year :

January

  • • For the show bench, start sowing Celeriac and Celery now in a heated propagator.
  • Herbs are easy to grow on your windowsill and provide fresh greens all year round.
  • • Sow exhibition onion seeds to give the bulbs time to grow as big as possible. Use varieties such as Bunton’s Showstopper and Ailsa Craig.
  • • Order rhubarb crowns now ready for planting in the spring. Or if you’d like to grow your own rhubarb from seed, start them off now in a heated propagator.
  • Salad leaves and spinach can be grown on a bright windowsill indoors for tasty early greens.
  • • Start chitting (sprouting) first early potatoes on a windowsill indoors.

February

March

April

  • • Sow aubergine seeds under glass now for growing in the greenhouse or transplanting outdoors later on.
  • • Sow basil seeds in warmth now to protect them from frost.
  • • Finish sowing celery and celeriac seeds under glass.
  • • Start to sow courgette, marrow, squash and pumpkin seeds under cover.
  • • Sow cucumbers and gherkins towards the end of the month, sowing the seeds in individual pots or modules in the greenhouse.
  • • Start kale seeds now under glass or directly into seed beds outdoors.
  • • Try sowing lettuce in module trays under glass for transplanting in the garden later. Alternatively sow direct outside and thin out the seedlings.
  • Melons are surprisingly easy to grow. Try sowing Orange Sherbert in warmth for a reliable crop in the British weather.
  • • Sow seeds of perennial herbs such as rosemary, sage, thyme and lemon balm in the greenhouse.
  • • Sow runner beans and french beans under cover at the end of the month, sowing individually into module trays.
  • • Now is your last chance to order strawberry plants for the coming season. You can also sow strawberry seeds in the greenhouse now.
  • • Start off sweetcorn seeds now in modules under cover for planting out after all risk of frost has passed.
  • • There is still plenty of time to sow sweet pepper seeds in the greenhouse for bountiful summer crops.
  • • Start to sow tomato seeds indoors, ready to plant out after all risk of frost has passed. If you’re struggling for growing space buy ready-grown tomato plants.

May

  • • Start off sweetcorn now in modules ready for planting out after all risk of frost has passed. Grow at least 12 plants for good pollination and cropping.
  • • Sow basil in pots for the greenhouse or patio – they thrive in warm conditions.
  • • Sow courgette , marrow , squash , and pumpkin seeds under cover now.
  • • Sow cucumber and gherkin seeds in individual pots or modules.
  • • Sow runner beans and french beans under cover, sowing individually into module trays for planting out after the risk of frost.
  • • Think ahead to winter cropping and start kale seeds under cover now.
  • • Sow seeds of perennial herbs under cover, such as rosemary , sage , thyme , lovage and lemon balm .
  • • Try sowing lettuce in module trays under glass for transplanting in the garden later. Alternatively sow direct outside and thin out the seedlings. Sow every 3 or 4 weeks for continuous harvesting.
  • Melons can be sown in individual modules now – try growing a variety suited to the British climate for the best crops, such as ‘ Orange Sherbert ‘.

June

  • • Sow cucumber and gherkin seeds in individual pots or modules.
  • • Sow runner beans and french beans either under cover, sowing individually into module trays, or directly outside where they are to grow.
  • • Sow winter cabbage seeds now as they require a long growing season. Start them off in a greenhouse or cold frame.

July

  • • Surface-sow Euphorbia seeds now in trays indoors.
  • • Sow Dierama seed now on the surface of moist compost. Keep in a coldframe or cool greenhouse over-winter.

August

  • • Sow winter lettuce such as ‘Arctic King‘ or ‘Winter Gem‘ in modules to plant out later this month.
  • Parsley, coriander and chervil can be sown in seed trays now for growing under glass throughout winter.
  • • If you have a greenhouse you can still make sowings of dwarf beans such as ‘Speedy‘ for an autumn crop.

September

  • • Now is your last chance to sow spring cabbages such as ‘April‘ and ‘Durham Early‘. Sow them directly in the soil or start them off in modules.

October

  • • Try sowing Crepis under cover in a cold greenhouse for earlier flowers next year.
  • • Start Hollyhocks undercover now. Pot up and over-winter in a cold greenhouse or cold frame.

November

  • • Sow winter salads under glass, protected by cloches or on a bright window sill indoors. Choose types that won’t require extra heat such as Winter Gem , winter land cress, purslane, and corn salad.
  • • Sow pots of herbs in a heated greenhouse or on a bright windowsill indoors. Try basil, dill, chives and parsley.

December

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