The solution that vertical farming can produce :
Top 10 easy to grow fruit trees and plants for beginners
Strawberries a common summer time fruit which is enjoyed in its raw form and in other cooked goods .Can be grown in container because the fruit itself is very versatile ,commonly grown using hanging baskets , flower pouches and window boxes . The primary times this fruit is grown is during June and july .This fruit will be an ideal produce to produce in an urban environment because of the fruits natural aesthetics and sweet scent it produces.
Raspberries an autumn fruit which are self supporting ,so they can be able to grow in containers or in clumps throughout your garden . This crop can be grown throughout late summer to early autumn ,making this crop a simple and maintainable crop for a long period of time . This will be an ideal crop to grow becuase of its ability to produce more unqiue forms with the designs becuase of the raspberries ability to grow in several different terrains.
Blueberries is an ideal fruit to grow in an indoor environment because of its ability to adapt to different weathers such as being a scented flower during spring time and developing nutritious fresh blueberries in the late summer . However the plant itself requires special treatment such as needing to use acid (ericaceous) soil to fertilize the soil to the best of it abilities ,this can be purchased in any local garden centre. Blueberries themselves are very low maintenance ,can produce fruit for 3 years and have a very attractive patio plant aesthetic. This will be the plant I will most likely use for my project because of these design beneficial features the crop has ,this includes the crop itself can be compacted as well as having a feature where using rainwater for the crop is beneficial for the user .
Figs a Mediterranean fruit which grows during hot and sunny weather facing the southwest wall ,the crop itself grows best when root are restricted making this an ideal crop to grow in a confined space .However the crop itself takes a long period of time to develop ,so patience is needed for this particular crop. The times when this fruit grows is during autumn but will not be ready to harvest until the following summer .This will not be an ideal choice for the design I would like to go for because of the long period of time the crops will take and area in which I want to produce my product the foreign fruit is not desirable .
For really easy fruit try growing rhubarb. Incredibly hardy in even the coldest of gardens! Rhubarb can be planted from crowns in spring or in autumn. Choose a sunny or semi shaded spot on rich, fertile soil. By the second year you will be harvesting succulent red stems, and once it settles in it will virtually look after itself. This is an ideal crop to choose for the project because of its ability to grow all year round and having low labour cost in term of up keep.
A well established apple tree is a real asset, and there is an apple to suit every size of garden. Choose your apple carefully to suit your tastes and the size of your garden. If space allows then choose two varieties that will pollinate one another. In smaller gardens try growing fruit trees in tubs. A dwarf Family apple has 3 different varieties on the same tree – just perfect for a container on the patio. Or if you fancy something really different then a step-over apple tree will create a real talking point. This is not an ideal choice for an urban environment because of the size and duration needed to produce a fully grown apple tree and will not be able to grown in doors very well .
Forage for hedgerow fruits in your own garden! Grow blackberries in that rough corner behind the shed, or let them scramble over an old unsightly fence – growing your own fruit couldn’t be simpler. These delicious fruits will grow almost anywhere and don’t need much attention. Train the stems onto wires to make them easier to harvest – if you are not keen on being prickled, try a thornless variety like Apache.This could potentially be a good choice for an urban environment because the plant itself is low maintenance and can grown in confined areas .
General information on what can be grown throughout the year :
- • For the show bench, start sowing Celeriac and Celery now in a heated propagator.
- • Herbs are easy to grow on your windowsill and provide fresh greens all year round.
- • Sow exhibition onion seeds to give the bulbs time to grow as big as possible. Use varieties such as Bunton’s Showstopper and Ailsa Craig.
- • Order rhubarb crowns now ready for planting in the spring. Or if you’d like to grow your own rhubarb from seed, start them off now in a heated propagator.
- • Salad leaves and spinach can be grown on a bright windowsill indoors for tasty early greens.
- • Start chitting (sprouting) first early potatoes on a windowsill indoors.
- • Start Asparagus Pea seeds under cover for planting out in late spring.
- • Sow aubergine seeds now for indoor crops this summer.
- • Grow your own basil on the windowsill to flavour your favourite Italian dishes.
- • Start early sowings of brassicas under cover. Try Brussels Sprouts, Summer Cabbage , Cauliflower ‘All the Year Round’ , and Calabrese ‘Aquiles’.
- • Celeriac is a slow growing vegetable – start seeds now under cover.
- • For early sowings of celery try bolt-resistant varieties such as ‘Lathom Self Blanching’.
- • To grow cucumber and tomato plants for the greenhouse, start sowing seed now in warm conditions.
- • Leeks need a long growing season so start sowing them now under cover.
- • For really large onions sow ‘Bunton’s Showstopper’ and ‘Ailsa Craig’ indoors now.
- • Sweet Peppers can be sown now for growing on in a heated greenhouse. Provide plenty of warmth.
- • Chit (sprout) early potatoes on a windowsill indoors.
- • Aubergines need a long growing season so start the seeds off in the propagater now.
- • Start basil seeds off now on your kitchen windowsill or for planting out after the risk of frost.
- • Sow Brussels sprouts now under cover.
- • Cauliflowers can be started off now under cover.
- • Celeriac needs a long growing season so start them now under cover.
- • Sow celery indoors from the middle of the month onwards.
- • Sow chilli peppers and sweet peppers indoors now.
- • Sow perennial herbs such as lemon balm, rosemary, sage, oregano and thyme under cover.
- • For greenhouse growing, sow cucumbers and gherkins in warmth now.
- • Sow tomato seeds under glass for greenhouse cultivation. Use our tomato selector guide to help you choose which variety to grow.
- • Sow salad leaves in pots and place on the windowsill or in the greenhouse.
- • Sow aubergine seeds under glass now for growing in the greenhouse or transplanting outdoors later on.
- • Sow basil seeds in warmth now to protect them from frost.
- • Finish sowing celery and celeriac seeds under glass.
- • Start to sow courgette, marrow, squash and pumpkin seeds under cover.
- • Sow cucumbers and gherkins towards the end of the month, sowing the seeds in individual pots or modules in the greenhouse.
- • Start kale seeds now under glass or directly into seed beds outdoors.
- • Try sowing lettuce in module trays under glass for transplanting in the garden later. Alternatively sow direct outside and thin out the seedlings.
- • Melons are surprisingly easy to grow. Try sowing ‘Orange Sherbert‘ in warmth for a reliable crop in the British weather.
- • Sow seeds of perennial herbs such as rosemary, sage, thyme and lemon balm in the greenhouse.
- • Sow runner beans and french beans under cover at the end of the month, sowing individually into module trays.
- • Now is your last chance to order strawberry plants for the coming season. You can also sow strawberry seeds in the greenhouse now.
- • Start off sweetcorn seeds now in modules under cover for planting out after all risk of frost has passed.
- • There is still plenty of time to sow sweet pepper seeds in the greenhouse for bountiful summer crops.
- • Start to sow tomato seeds indoors, ready to plant out after all risk of frost has passed. If you’re struggling for growing space buy ready-grown tomato plants.
- • Start off sweetcorn now in modules ready for planting out after all risk of frost has passed. Grow at least 12 plants for good pollination and cropping.
- • Sow basil in pots for the greenhouse or patio – they thrive in warm conditions.
- • Sow courgette , marrow , squash , and pumpkin seeds under cover now.
- • Sow cucumber and gherkin seeds in individual pots or modules.
- • Sow runner beans and french beans under cover, sowing individually into module trays for planting out after the risk of frost.
- • Think ahead to winter cropping and start kale seeds under cover now.
- • Sow seeds of perennial herbs under cover, such as rosemary , sage , thyme , lovage and lemon balm .
- • Try sowing lettuce in module trays under glass for transplanting in the garden later. Alternatively sow direct outside and thin out the seedlings. Sow every 3 or 4 weeks for continuous harvesting.
- • Melons can be sown in individual modules now – try growing a variety suited to the British climate for the best crops, such as ‘ Orange Sherbert ‘.
- • Sow cucumber and gherkin seeds in individual pots or modules.
- • Sow runner beans and french beans either under cover, sowing individually into module trays, or directly outside where they are to grow.
- • Sow winter cabbage seeds now as they require a long growing season. Start them off in a greenhouse or cold frame.
- • Surface-sow Euphorbia seeds now in trays indoors.
- • Sow Dierama seed now on the surface of moist compost. Keep in a coldframe or cool greenhouse over-winter.
- • Sow winter lettuce such as ‘Arctic King‘ or ‘Winter Gem‘ in modules to plant out later this month.
- • Parsley, coriander and chervil can be sown in seed trays now for growing under glass throughout winter.
- • If you have a greenhouse you can still make sowings of dwarf beans such as ‘Speedy‘ for an autumn crop.
- • Now is your last chance to sow spring cabbages such as ‘April‘ and ‘Durham Early‘. Sow them directly in the soil or start them off in modules.
- • Try sowing Crepis under cover in a cold greenhouse for earlier flowers next year.
- • Start Hollyhocks undercover now. Pot up and over-winter in a cold greenhouse or cold frame.
- • Sow winter salads under glass, protected by cloches or on a bright window sill indoors. Choose types that won’t require extra heat such as ‘Winter Gem‘ , winter land cress, purslane, and corn salad.
- • Sow pots of herbs in a heated greenhouse or on a bright windowsill indoors. Try basil, dill, chives and parsley.
- • Herbs such as Basil, Dill, Chives and Parsley can be sown indoors on your windowsill for winter use.
- • Sow winter hardy salad leaves under cover, such as lettuce ‘Winter Gem’ and ‘Arctic King’.
- • Sow exhibition onion seeds to give the bulbs time to grow as big as possible.
Different farming techniques
With farming there are many different methods of approaching how to produce different crops and produce. To determine how efficient each process is can be identified in many different ways such as the yield ,quality and all round consistency of the outcome .One of these methods are called crop rotation which is a method of creating high yield of crops of growing different crops in succession in the same field , which is considered one of the most sustainable technique .Due to the fact they are utilizing the same area all year round creating more of an output .However with this method they must consider that each plant most be grown in a certain methods and require different pesticides and fertilization to produce a quality outcome ,this essentially creates more labour work .This would be a process i will keep away from the final design of the product because of the high labour cost needed and up keep.
These are other examples of different agricultural techniques
3.Natural pest predators
4.Biointensive integrate pest management